Citing sources

It is not allowed to use texts, expressions, thoughts and ideas of others in a new document without referring to the original, this is considered plagiarism. When you use other sources within your thesis or publication, you have to refer to these in the correct manner. This way the reader of your document is able to check whether the sources you have used have been interpreted rightfully.

Why use references?

  • verification: you give the reader the possibility to check your sources
  • modesty: you give credit to the other person and their work

Referring to sources can be done in several ways. Within the HAN the most accepted way of referring to sources is the style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). In 2020 the current 7th edition was released. 

On the pages APA: In-text citations and APA: Reference list you will find more detailed information on this style of referring.

On the page Reference management tools you will find information on specialized programmes which can simplify handling sources in theses and publications tremendously.

For inclusive language guidelines, see Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion.


Last update: December 7, 2022